Estrogens are a group of sex hormones, it develop and maintain of female characteristics in the human body. It is also available in male in less levels for sexual function. Estrogens play a vital role in the growth and development of female sexual characteristics, such as the regulation of the menstrual cycle, reproductive system, breasts, pubic, etc.
There are three type of estrogen in the blood as: estradiol, estriol and estrone. Estradiol is the strongest type of estrogen, while estriol and estrone are weak forms. Women who are not pregnant have very low levels of estriol.
Effect of higher levels of estrogens
Females with higher levels of estrogens can lead to weight gain, mainly around the hips and waist. It can also cause menstrual problems, such as: irregular periods, light spotting, heavy bleeding, low sex drive, etc. When it’s higher in male it can lead to erectile dysfunction, enlarged breasts and infertility.
Key benefit of estrogens to women
- Ovaries support in growth of an egg follicle
- Vagina: Stimulates the growth of the vagina to its adult size. It also help in clotting of the vaginal wall as well as increase in vaginal acidity which reduces bacterial infections
- It helps in building muscular wall in fallopian tubes which help in the contractions that transport the egg and sperm cells, etc.
Estrogen play a vital role for differences in male and female body such as: It makes the bones smaller and shorter, the pelvis wider, slimmer shoulders, it help in increases fat storage near the hips and thighs, etc.